What is the difference between ceramic and porcelain tile?
Ceramic is a general description for all tile types and classifications. The body of the tile is usually made from clay or a mixture of clay and other ceramic materials, and is fired above “Red Heat”. It may have either a glazed or unglazed face.
What is the difference between glazed and unglazed tile?
There are many different types of tile but the most common are glazed, colour through body and through body. Glazed is where the colour and pattern of the face of the tile are achieved with glazes and the body of tile may or may not have a similar colour. Colour through body is where the colour and pattern run throughout the entire body of the tile. They may be polished or honed, unglazed or enhanced. Finally through body has the colour running throughout the body of the tile but the pattern does not. This application may or may not include glazes.
What is mosaic tile?
Mosaics are small pieces of tile, stone or glass which are sold preassembled onto an area. Mosaics can be plain, can have the same face as a corresponding field tile, or they can make a picture, pattern or decoration. A tile mosaic is designed so that each edge of its module will fit seamlessly and correspond with the next. This also ensures that each mosaic sold is uniform in size.
What is natural stone tile?
Natural stone tile is the world’s oldest flooring. It includes granite, marble, travertine, slate, limestone as various others. Each material has its own unique physical and technical characteristics. As a product of nature, stone tile is therefore subject to a high degree of variation. However, the variability and natural beauty make these products highly desirable.
Does my natural stone need to be sealed?
Natural stone should always be sealed unless otherwise directed. Always follow instructions on the sealing agent to ensure proper usage. Inquire about our full line of Dupont Stonetech sealers.
What should I use to clean my natural stone?
Never use anything acidic to clean natural stone products. Acids as light as vinegar can etch and damage natural stone. Always clean with stone specific detergents that have a neutral-ph and non-abrasive formula.
What is man-made stone?
Man-made stone is tile that is made with the same materials and goes through the same process as natural stone products. However, this process of putting the natural materials and minerals together is infinitely faster. Using modern day technology, the tile is made in the same process it would undergo in nature but in a fraction of the time.
What is the difference between floor tile and wall-only tile?
Floor tiles are manufactured to have sufficient strength to withstand weight and foot traffic. Most floor tiles on the market today are porcelain. Any floor tile is suitable for walls. However, tiles that are specified as only being used for wall applications only have a very soft glaze and porous body. They are not designed to handle foot traffic and should not be used on floors or for outdoor applications.
What is the tile's shade?
Within or across production runs, tiles are separated into groups based on their shade differences, after production, in order to keep visual consistency. Not to be confused with the colour name the tile is given. Shade is most mistakenly referred to as “dye lot”.
What is the tile's calibre?
Within or across production runs, tiles are separated into groups based on their actual, exact size after production in order to keep size consistency. During the firing process, tile can shrink up to 10%. Sorting tile post-production ensures uniformity and accuracy in sizing. Not to be confused with the dimensions of the tile.
What is rectified tile?
Rectified tile have edges ground to be a specific uniform size and have perfectly squared edges. This allows the ability to install using a slimmer grout joint and eliminates caliber classification.
How do I know if the tile I like is suitable for my project?
We have tile to meet every demand in any application, from light use residential to extra heavy commercial traffic. Don’t be afraid to ask our highly trained sales staff any questions you might have. The more information you give us, the more we can assist in selecting a tile that will meet your needs. We are happy to help and want to make your selection as easy as possible for you.
Do I have to use small tiles in my shower?
Not necessarily. If your shower has, or will have, a curved slope towards the drain it is recommended to use a smaller tile. This is because if the tiles are too big and the base of the shower has a curved slope, the tile becomes susceptible to bending and breaking. Essentially, the tile is being asked to follow a curve when it is meant to be laid on a flat surface. Smaller tiles can be installed to follow along the curved slope more gradually. However, if your shower has a straight, linear slope towards the drain it is possible to use larger format tiles. The tile will be supported and seated properly along the flat, even substrate.Inquire about our Schluter Systems KERDI Shower System for pre-fabricated shower bases.
Can I use tile outdoors?
Yes, but not all tile is suitable for outdoor use. Tile must be frost resistant because of the freeze and thaw process that occurs. Tile is a great option for wall and facade cladding, pool decks, walkways, verandas, patios and outdoor kitchen settings. In certain cases, they can be dry laid into grass, sand or gravel, can be installed using an elevated pedestal system for easy access to pipes and cables, easy leveling and easy drainage or can be installed with mortar for vehicle traffic. Inquire about our tile suitable for outdoor use.
Do I need to use grout joints?
Except for certain wall applications, it is always recommended to use grout joints and not butt joints. The size of the joint should depend upon if it is a floor or wall application, if the tile in question has rectified edges or not and the evenness of the substrate.
Are there different types of grout?
Grouts come in an array of colours and shades. There are three main types of grout. Sanded and unsanded which are cementitious and epoxy based grout. Sanded grout has sand particles and is denser in order to increase strength. It is typically used for floor applications. Unsanded grout is less dense as it does not contain the sand particles. Because of this it is typically used in wall applications where smaller grout joints are used. Epoxy based grout is chemical and stain resistant making it suitable for residential, commercial, institutional, plant and processing settings or in areas with high levels of moisture. Inquire about or full line of Proma grouts.
Do I need to seal my grout?
Grout may or may not be sealed, depending on the application. Inquire about our three levels of protection: topical sealer applied after grouting, additive to be mixed with grout formula, or epoxy grout.
What are the advantages of using tile?
Durability, maintenance/stain resistance, abrasion resistance, slip resistance, hygiene, colour permanence, studies show tile increases the value of a building, long life expectancy.